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tv   Navy League Sea Air and Space Exposition Part 2  CSPAN  May 7, 2019 3:18am-3:55am EDT

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guests, and all of you for coming in for your excellent questions. enjoy the conference. [applause] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] ladies and gentlemen, if we could have everyone clear the room, we have to get ready for our luncheon. thank you. >> more now from the navy league conference chief talking about recruitment and retention efforts in an era of historically low unemployment. following that, the naval chiefs of germany, new zealand, and romania look at the maritime security operations of their countries, potential alliances recruitment. and
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and retention challenges. >> i tell you, it is an honor to be able to serve the executive director for the navy league of the united states. i wanted to publicly thank alan kaplan, senior ladies -- leaders of the navy league and all of the volunteers. i hope to do well by you and again, i appreciate the honor. it is also an honor today to chiefe back our stage the of naval operations, admiral john richardson, who will be our keynote speaker. he is my good friend and former boss. admiral john richardson began serving as the 31st chief of naval operations in september 2015. his staff assignments include tax submarine division on the
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chief of naval operations staff, naval aide to the president, prospective commanding officer, instructive commander, submarine forces, u.s. pacific fleet, assistant deputy director -- can i read the whole thing? >> kiev, go ahead. >> ladies and gentlemen. i do want to add one thing -- he is also one of the finest human beings ever had the chance to serve with or ever know, not to mention one heck of a leader. our 31st chief of operations, admiral john green. [laughter] [applause] i had lunch with him yesterday. greene: quick piece of advice, don't do it of in a row with the same name.
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it's only been four years, jeez. start with some preparatory material, if i could. what a first-class event this is. for everybody who has started intoesterday and rolled the early morning event this morning, i think we would all have to agree that this is absolutely world-class and we just should all -- nice, super round of applause for the navy league for putting this all on, bringing us all together. thank you so much. [applause] this does not happen without the generosity of a number of people, volunteers, and corporate sponsors, so for the corporate sponsors, it really is -ville without your support. let's give them a nice round of applause. [applause] one of the really cool
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dimensions of this event is that manyings together so aspects of our business. it brings together the corporate part, the industry part, the uniform part, retired part, the government part, and it also brings together are international allies and partners, which are seen throughout the room today and make this event so much more powerful, so for everybody foreignisiting from a country, foreign nation, foreign navy, marine corps, let's give them a great round of applause for joining us here today as well. finally, it bit of an apology. i think this is the third event i have done today, so to inflict myself on you, you got to be fatigue by now. directly made a deal with a couple people in the audience that if it just becomes unbearable, they will throw their napkin up in the air and i will just stop talking and leave
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the stage. that's our code word signal, all right? with those bona fides out of the way, let's get started. i'm starting a lot of my talks talking about the very foundational principles of the united states of america. we go back and we are quoting a lot from the declaration of independence. we are quoting a lot from the constitution, the federalist papers, quoting a lot from great speeches that talk about the ideal that is the united states of america, the value propositions, and what it offers to the world, and so we are doing a lot with the founding fathers, and you cannot get any georgein terms of washington as a founding father. he's got tremendous street credit out at founding father and if you are in the navy great quote, it
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just does not get any better than this -- he's got tremendous street cred as a founding father, and if you're in the navy business and want a great quote, it does not get any better than this. this was written to the murky telephony yet in 1781. we talk a lot about what it takes to make a navy decisive. -- this was written to the in 1781.ay lafayette i want to talk about that at a bit of a higher level. certainly this conference is organized in many ways around ist it takes to be decisive a powerful element. force in thetary maritime. certainly most of our discussions here will have that
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as part of the discussion, but also, if you just scan your the way back to the beginning of our history, you will see that first and foremost, the navy was there at the very founding moments of the nation. if you read thomas payne, that pamphlet common sense, i realize sensitive material for our royal navy partners here, but as we were sort of getting our spirit together, you know, there was this pamphlet that thomas payne sense, and a full chapter of that talks about nothing else than how important have aor the nation to powerful maybe, ok? if you go back and read it, it's remarkable. we're spending time both
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internally -- internal audiences, external audiences to as we move around the world, as we interface with our american citizens and everybody abroad, we are mindful that it would not be uncommon at very first real manifestation of america might be a u.s. navy sailor, might be a marine. it's important that we understand all that comes with that, that our sailors understand what it means to be american in today's world, and i will tell you, there's a lot of turbulence out there right now, right? there's a lot of turbulence, so it's even more important that we spend some time reinforcing this narrative. ok? there's this military elements back tonal power, but
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the very beginning, it's easy to see the navy has been very much part of the diplomatic element of national power as well. it was a navy warship that took, nor kerry to japan and opened up our relationship with japan. it was a navy ship that transported president roosevelt to malta, and it was a navy ship signedh the treaty was to end world war ii. when navy ships visit foreign nations, our allies and partners around the world, it is almost routine that the u.s. ambassador to that nation will host a reception on board that warship because it is u.s. sovereign territory, so he can host a reception on the united states. there is this diplomatic contribution that we make to
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national power and it's very important. it has been throughout our history. then as thomas jefferson points at, we have a close link, link between the navy's activity and energy and power and the economic dimension of national power is also very close, so you can see here that thomas jefferson, sort of articulating because old relationship between the international order that leads to prosperity and the maritime security that is needed to secure and guarantee that order, so that trade can flow freely, so that we can have access to markets overseas. in fact, it was thomas jefferson that sent the united states navy on one of its very first missions over to secure the straits of gibraltar against the barbary pirates who were
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attacking our trade. there was this very close relationship and contribution of the navy to the economic dimension of national power. very important, it's kind of cool to be a sailor, right? not only are you a maritime warrior, but you are also a diplomat, and you are also contributing to the prosperity of every american. we remain a maritime nation. america depends on the seas. about 2/3 of our economy is completely linked to the sea. all of those jobs, all of that flow of finance happens at sea. you can see on this slide just of thepects interconnection that we have with the seas. a little bit of audience participation, how long -- it's been very dynamic, i will say in the maritime domain. very, very dynamic.
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you hear about exponential types of rates of change. it is the same at sea. sometimes because it happens at sea and not a lot of us spend time at sea, we can be a bit blind to that, but it has been very, very busy. show of hands -- everybody put your hands up, i want to know that everybody's hand works. all right, now i know what 100% looks like. thank you. how many people -- how long have we will be going to see is the question before us today. how many think it's more than 4000 years? raise your hand if you think it's more than 4000 years. keep your hand up. how many think it's more than 6000 years? put your hands down if year -- how many think it's more than 8000 years? ok. how many think it's more than 10,000 years? you are on safe ground right now if you say 10,000 years. in fact, we're going to plot
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very quickly the shipping going backr time 10,000 years to show you the incredible pace of change that has happened in the last quarter-century. we are going to take this year by year, just describing quickly the maritime advancements -- no, here we go. aboutl get this done in five seconds if powerpoint serves me well. that's the curve. ok? , thee last 25 years maritime traffic at sea has quadrupled, all right? which is something because it took us 10,000 years to get there and then factor of four increase. it looks like that, but there's so many other parts of the maritime domain that have also changed a great deal. in addition to this rapid rise in shipping, we talked a lot in the panel this morning about the role of information and
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information warfare. 99% of that information travels on cables that are undersea cables, right? 99 percent. if those are disrupted, you can only reconstitute on the order of 3% or 4% in the electromagnetic spectrum, very important. and it's not just that. there's infrastructure associated with energy, our ability to reach oil and natural gas has grown exponentially in the last 25 years. minerals, the top of that map that you see there as we talked about today in the panel, the icecap is a the small as it has ever been in our lifetime, and that has given rise to channels for navigation. it has given rise to access to continental shelves that we simply did not have before. the amount of food we get from the sea has increased tenfold in
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the last 25 years. carbohydrate and protein, and that is scheduled to just increase -- forecasted to increase at that same or greater rate going forward. thosember of megacities, cities with populations of 10 million or more than about 30, 31 of those now scheduled to be in the neighborhood of 40 to 50 in the next 10 or 15 years, the vast majority of those megacities exist right near the dynamic inery, very the ocean environment. as a maritime nation and as the maritime force that provides security that leads to our prosperity, we've got to be able to keep up on that. is not all just about access, right? if you think about where that trade comes from, where
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geographic chokepoints are, they overlay some of the hottest spots in the world right now. those spots where there are conflicts that are very likely to impact national interests. you can see there is a great overlay. by the way, 50% of the world's population lives inside that this is where so our interests lie. this is where our prosperity emerges, right? so it would make sense that we keep a very close eye on that. we are not the only ones. as china continues to expand and grow, they are reaching out to the sea as well. you can see this -- as you kind of build this map of the ofitime domain, a depiction the activity of the people's republic of china as they exercise and manifest their belts and wrote initiative.
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very busy, moving out of the south china sea for the first time since i think the 14th century, right? moving across the indian ocean through the suez canal and into the mediterranean, right? chinese naval exercises in the mediterranean. we have seen the chinese navy exercising with the russian navy in the baltic. right? this is becoming a global navy. if that's where all the activity is happening, that's with a conflicts are happening, if that's where our economic prosperity is, then, too, that's where your navy is going to be. we just gave the admiral nimitz award away. admiral nimitz captured it beautifully. we have a navy so we can move all of this off our shores and we do not need to have these conflicts come back home. ideally, if i could just with great humility and respect add to admiral nimitz, we win if we
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can do all of that and not fight, right? this is our idea as to deter conflict and still secure the prosperity. your navy is deployed around the world in all of those spots. ok? we are forward. your navy, marine corps team, coast guard, the team that is sea,y represented by the air, space exhibition here is forward in all of those hotspots. you can kind of see some of the , just a in recent years smattering of it, a sampling of what we have been up to, going circle,e arctic certainly going more and more into the south china sea. why is the south china sea important to us? why do we read so much about it? trade goesthe world to the south china sea. still, 90% of world trade goes by sea.
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theird of it goes through south china sea. tens of trillions of dollars of u.s. trade flows through that body of water. it's extremely important that those lines of communication, those sea lanes remain open. that's why the united states navy is there and that's why we are going to stay there. we have been there for 70 years. we are there now and we are going to stay there. ourust have too much of national interests tied up in that part of the world, ok? arearecently, we sent the truman strike group north of the subdue striketo group operations up there. this is one of the pictures from one of our escorts. as you can see, while much has changed since 1991, it is still cold as hell north of the arctic circle in november, all right? ourselves preparing
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to get ready to go up there, we had to open up books -- you know, it had been a wild. we opened up all the old manuals to say, listen, whatever you do, don't forget the baseball bats, right? there's nothing like a baseball bat to break off all the ice and smash it and clear the superstructure or whatever it may be. when i gave this talk, a version of it at the naval academy, all picturehipmen saw that and every officer in the room was like, you got to be kidding me, right? it looks extremely cold. it has been good to exercise this idea of dynamic force deployment. we took a question today during the panel about the abraham lincoln strike group. ok, so what's going on with that? what's going on with the abraham lincoln strike group is exactly what you would want to happen for your naval forces. on a scheduled deployment, doing with some ofons
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our high-end allies and partners there, and then able to to changes respond in the security environment and just move a tremendous force package to wherever national leadership needs it, ok? this is your naval team, ok? talked a bit about what it means to be decisive. decisive in the military elements of national power, decisive in the diplomatic elements of national power. decisive also in the economic dimension of national power. and, of course, no mariner is going to sale by any other mariner in distress, so there is this persistent humanitarian demand, at sea or near the sea, responding to any kind of crisis, so natural
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it is fully dimensional, this idea of being a sailor. it's really supercool because you are so much more than a warrior. you are the penultimate warrior, but you are also a diplomat also securing our prosperity, ok? the other part about this quote, though, is it talks about doing things not only definitive, but also honorable and glorious. we are spending a lot of time. we did a quick video today how we areut continuously refreshing our approach to leader development, and it's very important that our leaders are people of character and integrity so that when we put them in front of our sailors to lead them, not only do they know their business, they are experts in war fighting but also they are people that we would be
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proud for our sons and daughters to follow, so we spend a tremendous amount of time on what it means to be honorable and glorious. the asymmetric decisive advantage of our navy is our wood, and aknock on recovering economy, we have met our recruiting goals now for 12 and a half years straight. it's a remarkable achievement, and in the recovering economy, when salaries are going up, you've got to ask yourself -- why is that? why is it? it's not because of salary. i cannot compete on salary. particularly for those new skill areas. , you know, the cyber warriors and so many other of our skill areas. oh, by the way, we are going to separate you from your family
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for seven months of the year as you go and employ. goodur retention is really , too, right now. very strong, so what is it? i think it's this idea of honorable and glorious, right? the value proposition that america represents and the fact that we would hope that if you buy into that, that there is no better organization in the world than the united states navy to life thative a espouses those values, ok? this idea of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, it's in the dna of our nation. it's in the dna of our navy, and it's in the dna of every one of our sailors. that is also very, very important, and i think that is bringing america's
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very talented young people to join the navy and continue to man our ranks. i mentioned thomas payne earlier. metric of success for the cno, that at the end of the day, it is sort of my job to build a navy that when finished is worth more than it costs. that's my deal with the american people. that is certainly what i represent to congress and everybody around the world. but i will just maybe highlight that it has been an up -- been a privilege to work with an amazingly talented team to produce and deliver and deploy a navy that we hope will be the absolute safest navy for our sailors, the best partner navy for our allies and friends, and to our enemies, a navy that hot
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their worst nightmares. thank you all very much and i look forward to your questions. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, if you have questions, there stood up microphones located in the middle-of-the-road. >> its cno fatigue. it's manifested itself. all right, i don't see anybody moving to the microphone. thank you all very much. it's a mercy question. >> [inaudible]
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how do you feel that the folks receiving your comments, when you go forward with the words of this is what we need to project american power and diplomacy, etc., how well is that received? >> i think it's being very well received. the fact that the security environment right now, very much reflected in the national security strategy and national defense strategy. it is a maritime century, if you will, so there's broad recognition of that. that translates into very solid support with -- in our relations with congress. we are on solid ground in terms full and widespread
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understanding of what it means. kind of going back to the founding of our nation, who has read that book six frigates? like, the very first six frigates the united states navy purchased, and it is the same debate we are having today. nothing, really, has changed in terms of what it takes to support a navy. it's in the constitution, and i think there's just terrific support. our chief of legislative affairs is here. would you agree with that, jim? yeah, he says what hundred percent, right? [laughter] said 110%.think he thank you. sir, is that a question? have competitors today. we have an ever more complex technology base that our sailors are being challenged to employ
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in warfare. what are your concerns going to, in that we are able fact, really put our best foot forward from the perspective of being able to fight these complex combat systems, in particular from a manpower, training, education perspective? >> you have articulated the technology environment pretty well. it is becoming more complex. the commandant and marine corps talked about the exponential curve getting more and more vertical by the day, but there's a couple things that give me great confidence. one, a lot of that technology is brought to bear in the training of our sailors, right? ofwe are harvesting, first all, just from a cognitive science standpoint, we have learned so much about how the mind works, how people retain information and all that and we are employee and all of that and our training programs, and then,
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the technology in terms of being able to deliver a very realistic representative environment to our sailors and not only just kind of, you know, a fancy video game but one that gives you feedback in terms of the sailor 's performance so that we can coach them into becoming that much more effective. and then measuring their progress along the way so that we can prove that those technologies are making us better. that's all contributing to learning as fast as the technology is moving. it,lly, if you think about this information technology allows us to create an interface wet while may be complex, if human in mind, we craft an interface to allow the sailor to harness and deploy all that capability in a way that is very intuitive. i'm not aware that any of our
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smartphones come with instructions anymore. you just sort of turn it on and go at it. many of our systems are like that now. it all kind of reinforces itself and allows us to keep up. plus, you know, by every measure of performance, the sailors we have today in the navy are the smartest and most capable and most physically fit, the best groupg, most charming that we have ever had. this is a really very smart cadre, right? give them a round of applause. [applause] >> [inaudible]
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>> if so, is there anything this group can do to help you achieving that goal? >> i'm a huge team player, and i see that there are just so many terrific ways that we can team together. he asked if i can sort of get at one thing, what might that thing be to fix? i will tell you and i will just riff off of secretary lord who got us started this morning at breakfast, we have got to get capability into the hands of our soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines faster, ok? more and faster, right? use this chess analogy a lot, so i apologize if you have heard it before, but if i was to play gary kasparov for a thousand games in chess, the tally at the end of that would be 1000 20, 1000-0 -- 1000-0
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kasparov because he so much better trained as a chess player, and if i asked him to take his bishops and nights off the board and maybe his rooks and play then, it would probably still be 1000-0 kasparov because he is that much better. 's queen and gary maybe half of his ponds, it starts to look like i could take a game from kasparov, right? material matters. mr. kasparov is an exquisitely talented chess player, way more than me, but at some point, material overcomes all of that. i get worried when people say hey, cno, don't worry about a thing. it's good. our sailors are so much better trained than theirs. it's fart's a margin too close for my comfort level. we need to make sure our sailors
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never go into a fair fight where we are relying on training. cno, ourworry, culture, our people are so much more innovative than the adversary. ok, that may be true. far too close of a margin. we need to get decisive capability into the hands of our forces faster, ok? and we all need to lean into this. it is not a matter of authorities. this is a human bias, right? we need to just lean into this because i think it is one of our biggest strategic achilles' heel's. get this done together if we team together. we are having those kinds of conversations, right? so we all need to lean into this. >> as you reflect over your last
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four years, if you had to do it all over again, what three things would you do differently or change? >> three things? [laughter] like, a 10-page essay or something. i don't know that i would look back -- i mean, it's a hypothetical situation. we had a great discussion about what it means to command this morning, and i hope that in , for those scenarios that face all of our commanders, the most that we can ask from atm is that they are experts what they do and that they understand their responsibilities and accountability and that they use their authority to get the maximum affects, right? when in command, command, ok? use all the authority that you get. do not be timid. i guess if there's any kind of
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looking back that i've done, i thatthat people will say the whole team, right, used these for years to get the navy on track to not only compete but when in this great power environment. thank you all very much. in this great power environment. thank you all very much. [applause] >> cno richardson. thanks for participating in this and please event accept this as a small token of our appreciation. [applause] >> ok, good afternoon, everybody. continue tofolks wander

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